tv BBC World News WHUT November 25, 2010 7:00am-7:30am EST
>> "bbc world news" is presented by kcet, los angeles. funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations.
what can we do for you? >> and now "bbc world news." defense korea's minister resigns hours after an emergency cabinet meeting approved a new get-tough meeting with north korea. homeowners return to find devastation after the most serious clash between north and south in over 50 years. >> welcome to gmt. i am george alagiah. also in the program -- it could be a long wait for the families. the prime minister of new zealand says it could take months to recover the bodies from the mine disaster. riots in rio raises new
questions about the safety in the city that plans to host a the world cup. it is midday in london, early morning in washington and 9:00 p.m. in seoul. there will be a buildup of troop numbers on five islands near the disputed border. one of them was the target of dozens of artillery shells fired by north korea earlier this week. the government itself has described its response so far as rather passive and it apparently cost the defense minister in his job. he has resigned. >> ever since the island was shelled on tuesday, people are asking, how could this have happened? tonight, as you said, we've seen
the first high-profile political casualty of this crisis. people start to ask the government, couldn't more have been done? the firing lasted just one hour. the damage was considerable. today on the island of people try toesiden recover what is left of their homes. >> happened very quickly. i was sitting down here. >> fires consumed their homes and they lost everything. they have known there island was within range of north korea, but they did not expect this. neither did the country's defense minister, who resigned tonight, taking responsibility for the military failure to prevent or deter this attack. an emergency meeting called for an overhaul of the military's
rules of engagement. a government spokesman admitted that they were rather passive. the response will now be tougher. more ground troops will be sent. perhaps the new weapons systems will be installed. there will be better coordination of air and sea defenses. they're also planning more diplomatic efforts to get chinese leaders to engage more closely in this crisis. this is not proving that easy. >> a planned visit was canceled here on friday citing scheduling issues. other countries have made international efforts to pressure p'yongyang. so far, china has given little indication to do so, simply urging all sides to show maximum restraint. >> north korea has warned the south and not to carry out
what it calls for their acts of military provocation. the exact location of those military exercises have not been confirmed yet, but a senior south korean official told me this evening that when they do decide, it will be a question of geography and strategy. it will not be the fear of offending the north koreans. >> as you said, the defense minister has taken responsibility for this. are we to assume that something like this happens again, the response would be very different? >> yes, that is the message south korea wants to send to north korea. they say that they have been too predictable in the past. they want to make it clear to the north koreans that in the future they would be more flexible in the way they responded in they would perhaps use more force against north
korea. the defense minister, when he was questioned by legislatures about this, he was accused of being too soft because he said airstrikes could have risked turning this into a full-blown war. the point the south korean government is trying to make tonight, they want to be seen as more unpredictable. >> thank you. let's take a look the some of the other stories making headlines around the world. iraq is a step closer to ending its political impasse. presidentours, the pre jalal talabani formally asked nouri al-maliki to form a new government. it will give him 30 days. gabriel gatehouse is in baghdad
for us. >> in accepting the nomination, nouri al-maliki said that he hopes iraqis can turn over a new page and forget their differences. i think what most voters will be asking themselves, is this actually the beginning of something new? it is only nine months ago that they went to the polls and the country's third national election. what they got in return was eight and half months of stagnation, during which no pressing problems of this country, first and foremost security, and basic services like water supply -- all these things were not addressed. mr. nouri al-maliki now has 30 days in which to put a government together. that will be a difficult process. there are all these competing factions that you have to keep happy. you have the mainly sunni backed
coalition that fills it should have been allowed to get the position. and also, nouri al-maliki's other shi'ite coalition partners. he has a very difficult balancing act to do. frankly, what many voters are now feeling is that they would be happy with a government, any government, that will address these issues, even if iraq's new leaders to look very much like the old ones. >> gabriel gatehouse in baghdad. cambodia has been holding a day of mourning for hundreds of people killed in a festival stamping. prime minister hun sen joined
grieving relatives at the footbridge where this happened. more than 300 people died. haiti needs hundreds more doctors to help send the tide of death from the cholera epidemic, according to the un. humanitarian affairs spokeswoman said more trained medical staff were needed. the former majority leader of the u.s. house of representatives, tom delay, has been found guilty of money laundering. he has denied any wrongdoing. new zealand's prime minister john key has promised an investigation into the death of 29 miners, warning that it could take months to recover the bodies. he visited the area on
wednesday. he said the nation needs answers. the men were declared dead on wednesday after a second explosion ripped through the shaft where they were trapped. >> new zealand's prime minister john key said the disaster of ripped at the heart of a small, vibrant nation. the government will set up a commission of inquiry. >> what caused the explosion? what could have been done to prevent it? and the issue you raised about the commission's here. >> the most pressing concern is the 29ivretrieve the bodies of men. this is a process that could take some time. mr. agee has meant the victims' families. he has promised that neither they nor their love ones
will be forgotten. a second blast destroyed hopes of finding any survivors. this coastal community was told to expect the worst. confirmation that so many lives have been lost has inflicted scars that might never heal. the initial rescue effort was hampered by high levels of carbon monoxide and methane underground. the second explosion vindicates the decision not to risk the life of rescuers in such unstable conditions. some of the families, however, had insisted that emergency crews should have been sent in. there's speculation that pike the times could be buried together in a mass grave. >> brazilian police have shot down at least 13 more people in
rio as they try to stop a wave of violence. thousands of officers have been sent into the poorest neighborhoods. >> another day of violence on the streets of rio. drug traffickers forced out of the city's slums by police are thought to be behind the wave of trouble. 15 cars and buses were set on fire tuesday night and wednesday morning. this man found a fire burning outside his house. >> i would not step out of your house and sees something like that practically on your doorstep. you feel completely insecure. >> one witness said. it cost -- one witness said it caused panic on the street. >> there were a lot of people running on the sidewalk.
>> the violence started on sunday. gang-related trouble has placed the city for decades. most of it is contained within the slums, but some other recent attacks have spilled into wealthy areas. victims are worried about their safety. >> my only fear is that they come back. i can buy another car, but there's no way to buy back my life. >> police have been deployed in more than a dozen slum districts. more than 1000 officers have been taken away from desk jobs to patrol the streets. there have been arrests and weapons seized. so for the police operation appears to have done little to curb the latest wave of violence. >> still to come on gmt, on the front line with afghan insurgents and a look at their everyday life. the extraordinary footage.
>> it is the most famous animal sanctuary in the world and is celebrating its 150th anniversary. it has provided sanctuary for more than 3 million animals. it was a temporary home to more than 10,000 dogs and almost 3500 cats. >> she is picking up the first. he has been tied up and abandoned for days. she has been an animal ambulance driver for over 14 years, collecting unwanted dogs from across london and bringing them back to their home. >> tied to benches at parks, abandoned outside supermarkets. obviously, some of them are in
bad conditions. they're very skinny and other way. we often see them. we try to reunite them with their owners. >> every stray or abandoned dog is given a number and a name. one of the vets gives them an initial check over for health problems. >> when they first come in, they have fleas and they're not fully vaccinated. i have not been kept on top of these things. we do tend to have outbreaks. >> it is not just about the dogs. cats have been brought in since the 1800's. there are over two hundred at any one time looking for new home. dogs and cats are not the best of friends historic leap. before the dogs are ready to be
re-homed, a behavior specialist works with them. >> they're very nervous, very scared by the whole environment. we spend quite a lot of time with them. we make friends with them and gradually build up their confidence. >> they received an increasing number of dogs and cats all year. last month, over 13,000. many believe the key to cutting the number in the future is in microchip and more education on responsible ownership. >> it is really about education. hopefully the number will get smaller. >> for one of the busiest times, they're hoping they will be in a new home by christmas.
>> we always like to hear what you think about what we're doing. get in touch with us at gmt. the best way to do that is to go to our web site, bbc.com/gmt. you also find links to our facebook and twitter. this is "bbc world news." i am george alagiah. south korea's defense minister has resigned over criticism of his handling of the clash with north korea. the cabinet of south korea has declared a more advanced approach. the prime minister of new zealand says it may take months to recover the bodies of the 29 men killed in the pike river mine disaster. time now for the business news.
>> when the bond market speaks, they really do speak. let me explain. the bailout between ireland, the eu, and the imf may be reaching a conclusion, but they're doing very little to reassure the bond markets. despite the harsh austerity plan unveiled by ireland yesterday, ireland's has seen its borrowing costs continue to rise. investors are becoming increasingly nervous. those nerves are spreading far beyond ireland. one of the issues really bothering the market is the plan pushed by germany to make private investors share the payment of any future bailout. here is angela merkel and what she had to say yesterday. >> in the plan that private creditors earn money have to take responsibility. the markets get nervous if you
have to say something like that. we have a difficult decision ahead of us. every day we fight about this question. do politicians have the courage to place the burden of risk on those who make money? or is trading in sovereign debt the only business in the world that is risk free? >> europe's debt crisis, entering a far more serious phase. >> i do not want to be hysterical. the one thing that worries me, this is peculiar, what chancellor merkel says, that there is no unanimity of thought process. this is not what people want to hear. even though yesterday, the body language certainly did not
convince me that we could get anywhere could2.7% growth with a 20% cut in the budget. the market is telling us there's a 98% chance that irish banks will default. even the bank of ireland is possibly 50%. they have to dispel that kind of thing by sharing a unanimity of support from the european union. the moment, we're not getting it. >> the financial crisis in ireland has been dominating the headlines, as we know. ago, the focuss was on another european country. iceland was also forced to seek help from national leaders to avert a meltdown. later, the central bank will issue an update. are there lessons to be learned for ireland? >> for generations, iceland had been an economic backwater, with
fishing as the main source of income. it was transformed by financial deregulation, which companies access to share credit. >> for a brief time, iceland was awash with cash and businesses went on a shopping spree across europe. then it all went horribly wrong. >> the three main banks borrowed huge sums. they were left badly exposed. nationalization followed and the government itself was forced to seek an emergency bailout from the international monetary fund and its nordic neighbors. two years later, iceland is facing up to a new set of realities. it remains in recession. its banking session is being rebuilt. >> after the initial collapse will see a return to growth.
they are contributing to a trade surplus. that's the first positive growth sign. the domestic side and the public sector side is not contributing to growth yet. >> at this recent protest showed. iceland's tentative signs of recovery might generate holbein government, there's one crucial difference. iceland allowed its currency to fall dramatically, making its exports much more competitive and boosting growth. as a member of the european single currency, that is something ireland it simply cannot do. >> a check of the markets around the world. the figures showing an improving economic picture in the united states and the signs that tensions have somewhat cooled at least temporarily on the korean
peninsula. that is it with the business news, george. >> thank you very much. thank you. every year, the awards pay tribute to the free-lance camera operators who risked their lives to bring in pictures from the most dangerous places in the world. this year's winner is an afghan. he filmed extraordinary footage of insurgents before he was suspected a spy and had to flee for his life. >> at a secret hideout, afghan insurgents are planning an attack. >> a giant group, which i saw. their aim is one thing, to fight.
>> he films the routine of daily life that the insurgents prepare for an operation. and then he accompanies them on the attack, learns the target is the main road used by u.s. and nato forces. >> i was frightened. i was in the middle of them. >> for the insurgents, not everything goes as planned. when their bomb failed to detonate, they fire rockets. the police shoot back. >> i was really happy that the
bomb did not blow up. i said, maybe i'm lucky today. i thought it was like to be really dangerous. several people were killed here. and they were blaming each other. >> [speaking foreign language] >> back at the camp, the chilling moments as the fighters start to suspect he is a spy. >> [speaking foreign language]
>> the next morning, he flees for his life, carrying with him his unique footage of the insurgency. >> an astonishing story. you can find out more about the free-lance camera operators who risked their lives to bring us pictures from the world's most dangerous places in "the firing line." it is on saturday at these times. it is repeated on sunday, this weekend, on "bbc world news." that's all for the moment. stay with us on "bbc world news." there is plenty more to come.
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